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Gmane
From: Jon Smirl <jonsmirl <at> gmail.com>
Subject: [IR-RFC PATCH v4 0/6] In-kernel IR support using evdev
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Friday 27th November 2009 01:34:19 UTC (over 7 years ago)
This is a repost of the LIRC input patch series I wrote a year ago.
Many of the ideas being discussed in the currect "Should we create a 
raw input interface for IR's?" thread have already been implemented
in this code.

---------------------------------------------------

All of this kernel code is tiny, about 20K including a driver.

Basic flow works like this:

patch: Minimal changes to the core input system
Add a new IR data type to the input framework

patch: Core IR module
In-kernel decoding of core IR protocols - RC5, RC6, etc
This only converts from protocol pulse timing to common command format.
Check out: http://www.sbprojects.com/knowledge/ir/sirc.htm

patch: Configfs support for IR
Decoded core protocols pass through a translation map based on configfs
When core protocol matches an entry in configfs it is turned into a
keycode event.

patch: Microsoft mceusb2 driver for in-kernel IR subsystem
Example mceusb IR input driver

patch: the other ones are an embedded driver using a GPT pin.

You make a directory in /configfs/remotes for each remote you have.
Making the directory creates a new evdev device.  Under the directory
make an entry for each command generated by the device. These entries
cause the decoded IR data to be mapped into keycodes on the new evdev
device. udev would load these configfs mappings at boot time...

mkdir /config/remotes/sony
 -- this creates a new evdev device
mkdir remotes/sony/one
echo 7 >remotes/sony/one/protocol
echo 264 >remotes/sony/one/command
echo 2 >remotes/sony/one/keycode

This transforms a button push of 1 on my remote into a key stroke for KEY_1

 *   configfs root
 *   --remotes
 *   ----specific remote
 *   ------keymap
 *   --------protocol
 *   --------device
 *   --------command
 *   --------keycode
 *   ------repeat keymaps
 *   --------....
 *   ----another remote
 *   ------more keymaps

You can map the 1 button from multiple remotes to KEY_1 if you want. Or
you can use a single remote to create multiple virtual keyboards.

-------------------------

Raw IR pulse data is available in a FIFO via sysfs. You can use this
to figure out new remote protocols.

Two input events are generated
1) an event for the decoded raw IR protocol
2) a keycode event if thedecoded raw IR protocol matches an entry in
the configfs

You can also send pulses.

------

If you want to script this, you would have a user space task that
watches for either the decoded IR codes or the mapped keycodes.

This system also works with user space device drivers. They can inject
input events into the early event flow and they will get processed as
if the event originated in the kernel.

---------------------

Sure you could push the protocol decoding code (RC5, etc) into user
space. Seems like a lot of hassle to move about 3KB of code out of the
kernel.

--------------------
previos comment on the patches...

Now when a key is pressed on a remote, the configfs directories are
searched for a match on protocol, device, command. If a matches is
found, a key stroke corresponding to keycode is created and sent on
the input device that was created when the directory for the remote
was made.

The configfs directories are pretty flexible. You can use them to map
multiple remotes to the same key stroke, or send a single button push
to multiple apps.

To do the mapping it uses configfs (part of the kernel).  The main
directory is remotes. You use a shell script to build mappings between
the IR event and key stroke.

mkdir /config/remotes/sony
 -- this creates a new evdev device
mkdir remotes/sony/one
echo 7 >remotes/sony/one/procotol
echo 264 >remotes/sony/one/command
echo 2 >remotes/sony/one/keycode

This transforms a button push of 1 on my remote into a key stroke for KEY_1

 *   configfs root
 *   --remotes
 *   ----specific remote
 *   ------keymap
 *   --------protocol
 *   --------device
 *   --------command
 *   --------keycode
 *   ------repeat keymaps
 *   --------....
 *   ----another remote
 *   ------more keymaps

You can map the 1 button from multiple remote to KEY_1 if you want. Or
you can use a single remote to create multiple virtual keyboards.

>From last release...

Raw mode. There are three sysfs attributes - ir_raw, ir_carrier,
ir_xmitter. Read from ir_raw to get the raw timing data from the IR
device. Set carrier and active xmitters and then copy raw data to
ir_raw to send. These attributes may be better on a debug switch. You
would use raw mode when decoding a new protocol. After you figure out
the new protocol, write an in-kernel encoder/decoder for it.

The in-kernel code is tiny, about 20K including a driver.

>From last post...
Note that user space IR device drivers can use the existing support in
evdev to inject events into the input queue.

Send and receive are implemented. Received IR messages are decoded and
sent to user space as input messages. Send is done via an IOCTL on the
input device.

Two drivers are supplied. mceusb2 implements send and receive support
for the Microsoft USB IR dongle.

The GPT driver implements receive only support for a GPT pin - GPT is
a GPIO with a timer attached.

Code is only lightly tested. Encoders and decoders have not been
written for all protocols. Repeat is not handled for any protocol. I'm 
looking for help. There are 15 more existing LIRC drivers.

---

Jon Smirl (6):
      Minimal changes to the core input system
      Core IR module
      Configfs support for IR
      GPT driver for in-kernel IR support.
      Example of PowerPC device tree support for GPT based IR
      Microsoft mceusb2 driver for in-kernel IR subsystem


 arch/powerpc/boot/dts/dspeak01.dts |   19 -
 drivers/input/Kconfig              |    2 
 drivers/input/Makefile             |    1 
 drivers/input/input.c              |   20 +
 drivers/input/ir/Kconfig           |   27 +
 drivers/input/ir/Makefile          |   12 +
 drivers/input/ir/ir-configfs.c     |  348 +++++++++++++++++
 drivers/input/ir/ir-core.c         |  730
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/input/ir/ir-gpt.c          |  184 +++++++++
 drivers/input/ir/ir-mceusb2.c      |  745
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/input/ir/ir.h              |   63 +++
 include/linux/input.h              |   76 ++++
 include/linux/mod_devicetable.h    |    3 
 13 files changed, 2219 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/input/ir/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 drivers/input/ir/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/input/ir/ir-configfs.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/input/ir/ir-core.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/input/ir/ir-gpt.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/input/ir/ir-mceusb2.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/input/ir/ir.h

-- 
Jon Smirl
[email protected]
 
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