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Gmane
From: Siarhei Liakh <sliakh.lkml <at> gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH V5] x86: NX protection for kernel data
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Tuesday 13th October 2009 01:03:17 UTC (over 7 years ago)
This patch expands functionality of CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA to set main
(static) kernel data area as NX.
The following steps are taken to achieve this:
1. Linker script is adjusted so .text always starts and ends on a page
boundary
2. Linker script is adjusted so .rodata and .data always start and
end on a page boundary
3. void mark_nxdata_nx(void) added to arch/x86/mm/init.c with actual
functionality: NX is set for all pages from _etext through _end.
4. mark_nxdata_nx() called from free_initmem() (after init has been
released)
5. free_init_pages() sets released memory NX in arch/x86/mm/init.c

The patch have been developed for Linux 2.6.31-rc7 x86 by Siarhei Liakh
 and Xuxian Jiang <[email protected]>.

V1:  initial patch for 2.6.30
V2:  patch for 2.6.31-rc7
V3:  moved all code into arch/x86, adjusted credits
V4:  fixed ifdef, removed credits from CREDITS
V5:  fixed an address calculation bug in mark_nxdata_nx()
---

Signed-off-by: Siarhei Liakh 
Signed-off-by: Xuxian Jiang <[email protected]>

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 78d185d..83ae734 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -43,14 +43,14 @@ jiffies_64 = jiffies;

 PHDRS {
 	text PT_LOAD FLAGS(5);          /* R_E */
-	data PT_LOAD FLAGS(7);          /* RWE */
+	data PT_LOAD FLAGS(6);          /* RW_ */
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-	user PT_LOAD FLAGS(7);          /* RWE */
-	data.init PT_LOAD FLAGS(7);     /* RWE */
+	user PT_LOAD FLAGS(6);          /* RW_ */
+	data.init PT_LOAD FLAGS(6);     /* RW_ */
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-	percpu PT_LOAD FLAGS(7);        /* RWE */
+	percpu PT_LOAD FLAGS(6);        /* RW_ */
 #endif
-	data.init2 PT_LOAD FLAGS(7);    /* RWE */
+	data.init2 PT_LOAD FLAGS(6);    /* RW_ */
 #endif
 	note PT_NOTE FLAGS(0);          /* ___ */
 }
@@ -89,6 +89,8 @@ SECTIONS
 		IRQENTRY_TEXT
 		*(.fixup)
 		*(.gnu.warning)
+		/* .text should occupy whole number of pages */
+		. = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE);
 		/* End of text section */
 		_etext = .;
 	} :text = 0x9090
@@ -151,6 +153,8 @@ SECTIONS
 	.data.read_mostly : AT(ADDR(.data.read_mostly) - LOAD_OFFSET) {
 		*(.data.read_mostly)

+		/* .data should occupy whole number of pages */
+		. = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE);
 		/* End of data section */
 		_edata = .;
 	}
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init.c b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
index 0607119..7bfd411 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
@@ -423,9 +423,10 @@ void free_init_pages(char *what, unsigned long
begin, unsigned long end)
 	/*
 	 * We just marked the kernel text read only above, now that
 	 * we are going to free part of that, we need to make that
-	 * writeable first.
+	 * writeable and non-executable first.
 	 */
 	set_memory_rw(begin, (end - begin) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+	set_memory_nx(begin, (end - begin) >> PAGE_SHIFT);

 	printk(KERN_INFO "Freeing %s: %luk freed\n", what, (end - begin) >> 10);

@@ -440,11 +441,29 @@ void free_init_pages(char *what, unsigned long
begin, unsigned long end)
 #endif
 }

+void mark_nxdata_nx(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA
+	/*
+	 * When this called, init has already been executed and released,
+	 * so everything past _etext sould be NX.
+	 */
+	unsigned long start = PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long)(&_etext));
+	unsigned long size = PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long)(&_end)) - start;
+
+	printk(KERN_INFO "NX-protecting the kernel data: %lx, %lu pages\n",
+		start, size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+	set_memory_nx(start, size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+#endif
+}
+
 void free_initmem(void)
 {
 	free_init_pages("unused kernel memory",
 			(unsigned long)(&__init_begin),
 			(unsigned long)(&__init_end));
+	/* Set kernel's data as NX */
+	mark_nxdata_nx();
 }

 #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD
--
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