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Gmane
From: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat <at> redhat.com>
Subject: [RFC][PATCH -tip 0/9] tracing: kprobe-based event tracer
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Thursday 19th March 2009 21:09:56 UTC (over 7 years ago)
Hi,

This is a series of patches which introduce a proof-of concept of
kprobe-based event tracer to ftrace. I think that we could port some
tracing features from systemtap on this vehicle.
This can be applied on the linux-2.6-tip tree.

This patchset includes following changes:
- Add kprobe-tracer plugin
- Add kernel_trap_sp() on x86, ia64, power, s390, arm which are
  ported from systemtap runtime.
- Add module_*probe api for repawning/removing kprobes when target
  module is coming/going.

It's still not unclear that the last module_*probe would better be
provided as APIs or just embed it in trace_kprobe.c.

Future items:
- Use binary print.
- Add kernel_trap_sp() on other archs.
- Support symbol-based memory fetching (for global variables)
- Support primitive types(long, ulong, int, uint, etc) for args.
- Support indirect memory fetch from register etc.
- Check insertion point safety by using instruction decoder.

kprobe-based event tracer
---------------------------

This tracer is similar to the events tracer which is based on Tracepoint
infrastructure. Instead of Tracepoint, this tracer is based on
kprobes(kprobe
and kretprobe). It probes anywhere where kprobes can probe(this means, all
functions body except for __kprobes functions).

Unlike the function tracer, this tracer can probe instructions inside of
kernel functions. It allows you to check which instruction has been
executed.

Unlike the Tracepoint based events tracer, this tracer can add new probe
points
on the fly.

Similar to the events tracer, this tracer doesn't need to be activated via
current_tracer, instead of that, just set probe points via
/debug/tracing/kprobe_probes.

Synopsis of kprobe_probes:
  p SYMBOL[+offs|-offs]|MEMADDR [FETCHARGS]     : set a probe
  r SYMBOL[+0] [FETCHARGS]                      : set a return probe

 FETCHARGS:
  rN    : Fetch Nth register (N >= 0)
  sN    : Fetch Nth entry of stack (N >= 0)
  mADDR : Fetch memory at ADDR (ADDR should be in kernel)
  aN    : Fetch function argument. (N >= 1)(*)
  rv    : Fetch return value.(**)
  rp    : Fetch return address.(**)

  (*) aN may not correct on asmlinkaged functions and at function body.
  (**) only for return probe.

E.g.
  echo p do_sys_open a1 a2 a3 a4 > /debug/tracing/kprobe_probes

 This sets a kprobe on the top of do_sys_open() function with recording
1st to 3rd arguments.

  echo r do_sys_open rv rp >> /debug/tracing/kprobe_probes

 This sets a kretprobe on the return point of do_sys_open() function with
recording return value and return address.

  echo > /debug/tracing/kprobe_probes

 This clears all probe points. and you can see the traced information via
/debug/tracing/trace.

  echo /debug/tracing/trace
# tracer: nop
#
#           TASK-PID    CPU#    TIMESTAMP  FUNCTION
#              | |       |          |         |
           <...>-2376  [001]   262.389131: do_sys_open: @do_sys_open+0
0xffffff9c 0x98db83e 0x8880 0x0
           <...>-2376  [001]   262.391166: sys_open: <-do_sys_open+0 0x5
0xc06e8ebb
           <...>-2376  [001]   264.384876: do_sys_open: @do_sys_open+0
0xffffff9c 0x98db83e 0x8880 0x0
           <...>-2376  [001]   264.386880: sys_open: <-do_sys_open+0 0x5
0xc06e8ebb
           <...>-2084  [001]   265.380330: do_sys_open: @do_sys_open+0
0xffffff9c 0x804be3e 0x0 0x1b6
           <...>-2084  [001]   265.380399: sys_open: <-do_sys_open+0 0x3
0xc06e8ebb

 @SYMBOL means that kernel hits a probe, and <-SYMBOL means kernel returns
from SYMBOL(e.g. "sysenter_do_call: <-sys_open+0" means kernel returns from
sys_open to sysenter_do_call).


 Documentation/ftrace.txt          |   66 ++++
 arch/arm/include/asm/ptrace.h     |    3 +-
 arch/ia64/include/asm/ptrace.h    |    6 +
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h |    1 +
 arch/s390/include/asm/ptrace.h    |    5 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h     |    4 +-
 include/linux/kprobes.h           |   39 ++
 kernel/kprobes.c                  |  250 ++++++++++++++
 kernel/trace/Kconfig              |    9 +
 kernel/trace/Makefile             |    1 +
 kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c       |  688
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 11 files changed, 1067 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)


Thank you,

-- 
Masami Hiramatsu

Software Engineer
Hitachi Computer Products (America) Inc.
Software Solutions Division

e-mail: [email protected]
 
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