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Gmane
From: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec <at> gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH 0/5 v3] Binary ftrace_printk
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Friday 6th March 2009 16:21:45 UTC (over 7 years ago)
Changelog V3:

Rebase the whole against latest tip/master

Changelog V2:

This new iteration addresses Steven's reviews.
Notably:

- only build the ftrace_printk format section if CONFIG_TRACING is set
- be scheduler tracing safe (don't use preempt_enable directly from
  ftrace_printk to avoid tracing recursion)
- fix a loss of format string when a module is unloaded. Since we can loose
  it on the ring-buffer if it is in overwrite mode, we don't keep track
  of the format given by the modules to free them. We just copy their
  ftrace_printk string format forever. Note that it is safe against
duplicate
  strings since we verify if the string is already present in our list
before
  allocating a new one.


Changelog V1:

An new optimization is making its way to ftrace. Its purpose is to
make ftrace_printk() consuming less memory and become faster.

Written by Lai Jiangshan, the approach is to delay the formatting
job from tracing time to output time.
Currently, a call to ftrace_printk will format the whole string and
insert it into the ring buffer. Then you can read it on
/debug/tracing/trace
file.

The new implementation stores the address of the format string and
the binary parameters into the ring buffer, making the packet more compact
and faster to insert.
Later, when the user exports the traces, the format string is retrieved
with the binary parameters and the formatting job is eventually done.

Here is the result of a small comparative benchmark while putting the
following
ftrace_printk on the timer interrupt. ftrace_printk is the old
implementation,
ftrace_bprintk is a the new one:

ftrace_printk("This is the timer interrupt: %llu", jiffies_64);

After some time running on low load (no X, no really active processes):

ftrace_printk:  duration average: 2044 ns, avg of bytes stored per entry:
39
ftrace_bprintk: duration average: 1426 ns, avg of bytes stored per entry:
16

Higher load (started X and launched a cat running on a X console looping on
traces printing):

ftrace_printk:  duration average: 8812 ns
ftrace_bprintk: duration average: 2611 ns

Which means the new implementation can be 70 % faster on higher load.
And it consumes lesser memory on the ring buffer.

The three first patches rebase against latest -tip the ftrace_bprintk work
done
by Lai few monthes ago.

The two others integrate ftrace_bprintk as a replacement for the old
ftrace_printk implementation and factorize the printf style format decoding
which is now used by three functions.

Frederic Weisbecker (2):
  tracing/core: drop the old ftrace_printk implementation in favour of
    ftrace_bprintk
  vsprintf: unify the format decoding layer for its 3 users

Lai Jiangshan (3):
  add binary printf
  ftrace: infrastructure for supporting binary record
  ftrace: add ftrace_bprintk()

 include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h    |    9 +
 include/linux/ftrace.h               |    1 -
 include/linux/kernel.h               |   34 +-
 include/linux/module.h               |    5 +
 include/linux/string.h               |    7 +
 kernel/module.c                      |    6 +
 kernel/trace/Kconfig                 |    1 +
 kernel/trace/Makefile                |    1 +
 kernel/trace/trace.c                 |  141 +++---
 kernel/trace/trace.h                 |    8 +-
 kernel/trace/trace_functions_graph.c |    6 +-
 kernel/trace/trace_mmiotrace.c       |    9 +-
 kernel/trace/trace_output.c          |   41 ++-
 kernel/trace/trace_output.h          |    2 +
 kernel/trace/trace_printk.c          |  138 +++++
 lib/Kconfig                          |    3 +
 lib/vsprintf.c                       | 1006
++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 17 files changed, 1096 insertions(+), 322 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 kernel/trace/trace_printk.c
 
CD: 3ms