Subject: [PATCH][RFC][12+2][v3] A expanded CFQ scheduler for cgroups
Date: Wednesday 12th November 2008 08:15:06 UTC (over 7 years ago)
This patchset expands traditional CFQ scheduler in order to support cgroups, and improves old version. Improvements are as following. * Modularizing our new CFQ scheduler. The expanded CFQ scheduler is registered/unregistered as new I/O elevator scheduler called "cfq-cgroups". By this, the traditional CFQ scheduler, which does not handle cgroups, and our new CFQ scheduler, which handles cgroups, can be used at the same time for different devices. * Allowing to set parameter per device. The expanded CFQ scheduler allows users to set parameter per device. By this, users can decide share (priority) per device. --- Optional functions --- * Adding a validation flag for 'think time'. (Opt-1 patch) CFQ show poor scalability. One of its causes is the think time. The think time is used to improve the I/O performance by handling queues with poor I/O as IDLE class. However, when many tasks have I/O requests, think time for their tasks became long and then all queues are handled as IDLE class. As a result, dispatching I/O requests is dispersed, and then the I/O performance falls. The think time valid flag controls think time judgment. * Adding ioprio class for cgroups. (Opt-2 patch) The previous expanded CFQ scheduler can not implement ioprio class. This optional patch implements its proto-type. This patch gives a basic service tree control for ioprio class of cgroups and does not give preempt function, completed function and so on yet. 1. Introduction. This patchset introduce "Yet Another" I/O bandwidth controlling subsystem for cgroups based on CFQ (called 2 layer CFQ). The idea of 2 layer CFQ is to build fairness control per group on the top of existing CFQ control. We added a new data structure called CFQ driver data on the top of cfqd in order to control I/O bandwidth for cgroups. CFQ driver data control cfq_datas by service tree (rb-tree) and CFQ algorithm when synchronous I/O. An active cfqd controls queue for cfq by service tree. Namely, the CFQ meta-data control traditional CFQ data. the CFQ data runs conventionally. cfqdd cfqdd (cfqmd = cfq driver data) | | cfqc -- cfqd ----- cfqd (cfqd = cfq data, | | cfqc = cfq cgroup data) cfqc --[cfqd]----- cfqd ^ | conventional control. This patchset is against 2.6.28-rc2 2. Build i. Apply this patchset (series 01 - 12) to kernel 2.6.28-rc2. If you want to use optional functions, apply opt-1/opt-2 patches to kernel 2.6.28-rc2. ii. Build kernel with IOSCHED_CFQ_CGROUP=y option. iii. Restart new kernel. 3. Usage of 2 layer CFQ * Preparation for using 2 layer CFQ i. Mount cfq_cgroup special device to device directory. ex. mkdir /dev/cgroup mount -t cgroup -o cfq cfq /dev/cgroup ii. Change elevator scheduler for device to "cfq-cgroups" ex. echo cfq-cgorups > /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler * Usage of grouping control. - Create a new group. Make a new directory under /dev/cgroup. For example, the following command generates a 'test1' group. mkdir /dev/cgroup/test1 - Insert a task to a group. Write process id(pid) on "tasks" entry in the corresponding group. For example, the following command sets task with pid 1100 into test1 group. echo 1100 > /dev/cgroup/test1/tasks New child tasks of this task is also inserted into test1 group. - Change I/O priorities of a group. Write priority on "cfq.ioprio" entry in the corresponding group. For example, the following command sets priority of rank 2 to 'test1' group. echo 2 > /dev/cgroup/test1/cfq.ioprio I/O priority for cgroups takes the value from 0 to 7. It is same as existing per-task CFQ. If you want to change only I/O priority of a specific device and group, add its device name as a second parameter. For example, the following command sets priority of rank 2 to 'test1' group for 'sda' device. echo 2 sda > /dev/cgroup/test1/cfq.ioprio If you want to change I/O priority of a specific device and group via sysfs. If you can change its priority, Add its path for cgroup as a second parameter. For example, the following command sets priority of rank 2 to 'test1' group for 'sda' device via sysfs. echo 2 /test1 > /sys/block/sda/queue/iosched/ioprio If you can change parameters of cfq_data (slice_sync, back_seek_penalty and so on) for a specific device and group. If you write only one parameter via sysfs, its setting reflects all groups. If you set elevator scheduler as cfq-cgroups, I/O priorities of its new device set a default priority with groups. If you want to change this default priority, write priority and "default" as second parameter on "cfq.ioprio" entry in the corresponding group. For example, echo 2 default > /dev/cgroup/test1/cfq.ioprio - Change I/O priority of task Use existing "ionice" command. 4. Usage of Optional Functions. i. Usage of a validation flag for 'think time' This parameter can use via sysfs as similar as other cfq data parameter. Its entry name is 'ttime_valid'. This flag is decide to check think time. The value 0 is always handled queues as idle class. In practice, idie_window flag is clear. The value 1 is handled as same as traditional CFQ. The value 2 makes the think time invalid. ii. Usage of ioprio class for cgroups. The ioprio class use via cgroupfs as similar as ioprio. Its entry name is 'cfq.ioprio_class' The values of ioprio class are as same as I/O class of traditional CFQ. 0: IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE (is equal to IOPRIO_CLASS_BE) 1: IOPRIO_CLASS_RT 2: IOPRIO_CLASS_BE 3: IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE 5. Future work. We must implement the follows. * Handle buffered I/O.