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Gmane
From: Bo Shen <voice.shen-AIFe0yeh4nAAvxtiuMwx3w <at> public.gmane.org>
Subject: [PATCH v3] PWM: at91: add Atmel PWM controller driver
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Sunday 22nd September 2013 08:05:01 UTC (over 3 years ago)
Add Atmel PWM controller driver based on PWM framework.

This is the basic function implementation of Atmel PWM controller.
It can work with PWM based led and backlight.

Signed-off-by: Bo Shen 
---
Changes in v3:
  - change compatible string from "atmel,sama5-pwm" to "atmel,sama5d3-pwm"
  - Add PWM led example in binding documentation
  - Using micro replace hard code

Changes in v2:
  - Address the comments from Thierry Reding

 .../devicetree/bindings/pwm/atmel-pwm.txt          |   41 +++
 drivers/pwm/Kconfig                                |    9 +
 drivers/pwm/Makefile                               |    1 +
 drivers/pwm/pwm-atmel.c                            |  335
++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 386 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pwm/atmel-pwm.txt
 create mode 100644 drivers/pwm/pwm-atmel.c

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pwm/atmel-pwm.txt
b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pwm/atmel-pwm.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1c1a5fa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pwm/atmel-pwm.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+Atmel PWM controller
+
+Required properties:
+  - compatible: should be one of:
+    - "atmel,at91sam9rl-pwm"
+    - "atmel,sama5d3-pwm"
+  - reg: physical base address and length of the controller's registers
+  - #pwm-cells: Should be 3. See pwm.txt in this directory for a
+    description of the cells format
+
+Example:
+
+	pwm0: [email protected] {
+		compatible = "atmel,at91sam9rl-pwm";
+		reg = <0xf8034000 0x400>;
+		#pwm-cells = <3>;
+	};
+
+The following the pwm led based example:
+
+	pwm0: [email protected] {
+		compatible = "atmel,at91sam9rl-pwm";
+		reg = <0xf8034000 0x400>;
+		#pwm-cells = <3>;
+	};
+
+	pwdleds {
+		compatible = "pwm-leds";
+
+		d1 {
+			label = "d1";
+			pwms = <&pwm0 3 5000 0>
+			max-brightness = <255>;
+		};
+
+		d2 {
+			label = "d2";
+			pwms = <&pwm0 1 5000 1>
+			max-brightness = <255>;
+		};
+	};
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
index 75840b5..54237b9 100644
--- a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
@@ -41,6 +41,15 @@ config PWM_AB8500
 	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
 	  will be called pwm-ab8500.
 
+config PWM_ATMEL
+	tristate "Atmel PWM support"
+	depends on ARCH_AT91
+	help
+	  Generic PWM framework driver for Atmel SoC.
+
+	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
+	  will be called pwm-atmel.
+
 config PWM_ATMEL_TCB
 	tristate "Atmel TC Block PWM support"
 	depends on ATMEL_TCLIB && OF
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Makefile b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
index 77a8c18..5b193f8 100644
--- a/drivers/pwm/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
 obj-$(CONFIG_PWM)		+= core.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_SYSFS)		+= sysfs.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_AB8500)	+= pwm-ab8500.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_ATMEL)		+= pwm-atmel.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_ATMEL_TCB)	+= pwm-atmel-tcb.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_BFIN)		+= pwm-bfin.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_IMX)		+= pwm-imx.o
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/pwm-atmel.c b/drivers/pwm/pwm-atmel.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9c86dfe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pwm/pwm-atmel.c
@@ -0,0 +1,335 @@
+/*
+ * Driver for Atmel Pulse Width Modulation Controller
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 Atmel Corporation
+ *		 Bo Shen 
+ *
+ * Licensed under GPLv2.
+ */
+
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+
+/* The following is global registers for PWM controller */
+#define PWM_ENA			0x04
+#define PWM_DIS			0x08
+#define PWM_SR			0x0C
+/* bit field in SR */
+#define PWM_SR_ALL_CH_ON	0x0F
+
+/* The following register is PWM channel related registers */
+#define PWM_CH_REG_OFFSET	0x200
+
+#define PWM_CMR			0x0
+/* bit field in CMR */
+#define PWM_CMR_CPOL		(1 << 9)
+#define PWM_CMR_UPD_CDTY	(1 << 10)
+
+/* The following registers for PWM v1 */
+#define PWMv1_CDTY		0x04
+#define PWMv1_CPRD		0x08
+#define PWMv1_CUPD		0x10
+
+/* The following registers for PWM v2 */
+#define PWMv2_CDTY		0x04
+#define PWMv2_CDTYUPD		0x08
+#define PWMv2_CPRD		0x0C
+#define PWMv2_CPRDUPD		0x10
+
+/* max value for duty and period */
+/*
+ * Although the duty and period register is 32 bit,
+ * however only the LSB 16 bits are significant.
+ */
+#define PWM_MAX_DTY		0xFFFF
+#define PWM_MAX_PRD		0xFFFF
+#define PRD_MAX_PRES		10
+
+struct atmel_pwm_chip {
+	struct pwm_chip chip;
+	struct clk *clk;
+	void __iomem *base;
+
+	void (*config)(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
+		       int dty, int prd);
+};
+
+static inline struct atmel_pwm_chip *to_atmel_pwm_chip(struct pwm_chip
*chip)
+{
+	return container_of(chip, struct atmel_pwm_chip, chip);
+}
+
+static inline u32 atmel_pwm_readl(struct atmel_pwm_chip *chip,
+				  unsigned long offset)
+{
+	return readl(chip->base + offset);
+}
+
+static inline void atmel_pwm_writel(struct atmel_pwm_chip *chip,
+				    unsigned long offset, unsigned long val)
+{
+	writel(val, chip->base + offset);
+}
+
+static inline u32 atmel_pwm_ch_readl(struct atmel_pwm_chip *chip,
+				     unsigned int ch, unsigned long offset)
+{
+	return readl(chip->base + PWM_CH_REG_OFFSET + ch * 0x20 + offset);
+}
+
+static inline void atmel_pwm_ch_writel(struct atmel_pwm_chip *chip,
+				       unsigned int ch, unsigned long offset,
+				       unsigned long val)
+{
+	writel(val, chip->base + PWM_CH_REG_OFFSET + ch * 0x20 + offset);
+}
+
+static int atmel_pwm_config(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
+		int duty_ns, int period_ns)
+{
+	struct atmel_pwm_chip *atmel_pwm = to_atmel_pwm_chip(chip);
+	unsigned long clk_rate, prd, dty;
+	unsigned long long val, div;
+	int ret, pres = 0;
+
+	clk_rate = clk_get_rate(atmel_pwm->clk);
+	div = clk_rate;
+
+	/* Calculate the period cycles */
+	while (div > PWM_MAX_PRD) {
+		div = clk_rate / (1 << pres);
+		div = div * period_ns;
+		/* 1/Hz = 100000000 ns */
+		do_div(div, 1000000000);
+
+		if (pres++ > PRD_MAX_PRES) {
+			pr_err("PRES is bigger than maximum pre-scaler\n");
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Calculate the duty cycles */
+	prd = div;
+	div *= duty_ns;
+	do_div(div, period_ns);
+	dty = div;
+
+	ret = clk_enable(atmel_pwm->clk);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("Failed to enable pwm clock\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWM_CMR, pres);
+	atmel_pwm->config(chip, pwm, dty, prd);
+
+	/* Check whether need to disable clock */
+	val = atmel_pwm_readl(atmel_pwm, PWM_SR);
+	if ((val & PWM_SR_ALL_CH_ON) == 0)
+		clk_disable(atmel_pwm->clk);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void atmel_pwm_config_v1(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device
*pwm,
+				int dty, int prd)
+{
+	struct atmel_pwm_chip *atmel_pwm = to_atmel_pwm_chip(chip);
+	unsigned int val;
+
+	/*
+	 * If the PWM channel is disabled, write value to duty and period
+	 * registers directly.
+	 * If the PWM channel is enabled, using the update register, it needs
+	 * to set bit 10 of CMR to 0
+	 */
+	if (test_bit(PWMF_ENABLED, &pwm->flags)) {
+		atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWMv1_CUPD, dty);
+
+		val = atmel_pwm_ch_readl(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWM_CMR);
+		val &= ~PWM_CMR_UPD_CDTY;
+		atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWM_CMR, val);
+	} else {
+		atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWMv1_CDTY, dty);
+		atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWMv1_CPRD, prd);
+	}
+}
+
+static void atmel_pwm_config_v2(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device
*pwm,
+				int dty, int prd)
+{
+	struct atmel_pwm_chip *atmel_pwm = to_atmel_pwm_chip(chip);
+
+	/*
+	 * If the PWM channel is disabled, write value to duty and period
+	 * registers directly.
+	 * If the PWM channel is enabled, using the duty update register to
+	 * update the value.
+	 */
+	if (test_bit(PWMF_ENABLED, &pwm->flags)) {
+		atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWMv2_CDTYUPD, dty);
+	} else {
+		atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWMv2_CDTY, dty);
+		atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWMv2_CPRD, prd);
+	}
+}
+
+static int atmel_pwm_set_polarity(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device
*pwm,
+		enum pwm_polarity polarity)
+{
+	struct atmel_pwm_chip *atmel_pwm = to_atmel_pwm_chip(chip);
+	u32 val = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = clk_enable(atmel_pwm->clk);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("failed to enable pwm clock\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	if (polarity == PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL)
+		val &= ~PWM_CMR_CPOL;
+	else
+		val |= PWM_CMR_CPOL;
+
+	atmel_pwm_ch_writel(atmel_pwm, pwm->hwpwm, PWM_CMR, val);
+
+	clk_disable(atmel_pwm->clk);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int atmel_pwm_enable(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+	struct atmel_pwm_chip *atmel_pwm = to_atmel_pwm_chip(chip);
+
+	clk_prepare_enable(atmel_pwm->clk);
+
+	atmel_pwm_writel(atmel_pwm, PWM_ENA, 1 << pwm->hwpwm);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void atmel_pwm_disable(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device
*pwm)
+{
+	struct atmel_pwm_chip *atmel_pwm = to_atmel_pwm_chip(chip);
+	u32 val;
+
+	atmel_pwm_writel(atmel_pwm, PWM_DIS, 1 << pwm->hwpwm);
+
+	val = atmel_pwm_readl(atmel_pwm, PWM_SR);
+	if ((val & PWM_SR_ALL_CH_ON) == 0)
+		clk_disable(atmel_pwm->clk);
+}
+
+static const struct pwm_ops atmel_pwm_ops = {
+	.config = atmel_pwm_config,
+	.set_polarity = atmel_pwm_set_polarity,
+	.enable = atmel_pwm_enable,
+	.disable = atmel_pwm_disable,
+	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+};
+
+struct atmel_pwm_data {
+	void (*config)(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
+		       int dty, int prd);
+};
+
+static const struct atmel_pwm_data atmel_pwm_data_v1 = {
+	.config = atmel_pwm_config_v1,
+};
+
+static const struct atmel_pwm_data atmel_pwm_data_v2 = {
+	.config = atmel_pwm_config_v2,
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_OF
+static const struct of_device_id atmel_pwm_dt_ids[] = {
+	{
+		.compatible = "atmel,at91sam9rl-pwm",
+		.data = &atmel_pwm_data_v1,
+	}, {
+		.compatible = "atmel,sama5d3-pwm",
+		.data = &atmel_pwm_data_v2,
+	}, {
+		/* sentinel */
+	},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, atmel_pwm_dt_ids);
+#endif
+
+static int atmel_pwm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	const struct of_device_id *of_id =
+		of_match_device(atmel_pwm_dt_ids, &pdev->dev);
+	const struct atmel_pwm_data *data;
+	struct atmel_pwm_chip *atmel_pwm;
+	struct resource *res;
+	int ret;
+
+	atmel_pwm = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*atmel_pwm), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!atmel_pwm)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+	if (!res)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	atmel_pwm->base = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
+
+	atmel_pwm->clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
+	if (IS_ERR(atmel_pwm->clk))
+		return PTR_ERR(atmel_pwm->clk);
+	clk_prepare(atmel_pwm->clk);
+
+	atmel_pwm->chip.dev = &pdev->dev;
+	atmel_pwm->chip.ops = &atmel_pwm_ops;
+	atmel_pwm->chip.of_xlate = of_pwm_xlate_with_flags;
+	atmel_pwm->chip.of_pwm_n_cells = 3;
+	atmel_pwm->chip.base = -1;
+	atmel_pwm->chip.npwm = 4;
+
+	data = of_id->data;
+	atmel_pwm->config = data->config;
+
+	ret = pwmchip_add(&atmel_pwm->chip);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to add pwm chip %d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, atmel_pwm);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int atmel_pwm_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct atmel_pwm_chip *atmel_pwm = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+	clk_unprepare(atmel_pwm->clk);
+
+	return pwmchip_remove(&atmel_pwm->chip);
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver atmel_pwm_driver = {
+	.driver = {
+		.name = "atmel-pwm",
+		.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(atmel_pwm_dt_ids),
+	},
+	.probe = atmel_pwm_probe,
+	.remove = atmel_pwm_remove,
+};
+module_platform_driver(atmel_pwm_driver);
+
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform:atmel-pwm");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Bo Shen
");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Atmel PWM driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
-- 
1.7.9.5

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