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Gmane
From: Ondrej Zary <linux <at> rainbow-software.org>
Subject: [RFC PATCH] ES938 support for ES18xx driver
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Saturday 14th September 2013 20:40:47 UTC (over 3 years ago)
Hello,
this is an attempt to support ES938 3-D Audio Effects Processor found on
some
ES18xx (and possibly other) sound cards, doing bass/treble and 3D control.

ES938 is controlled by MIDI SysEx commands sent through card's MPU401 port.

The following patch works but has a problem: the midi port cannot be used
by
userspace applications. Opening and closing the rawmidi device on each
control
change would probably work (as long as the port is not used by an
application)
but that just does not seem right. Is there a way to cleanly fix this?

(There are two problems: 3D level does not have any effect and alsamixer
does
not display the TLV dB values - but don't know why).

---
 sound/isa/Kconfig  |    4 +
 sound/isa/Makefile |    2 +
 sound/isa/es18xx.c |   12 +++-
 sound/isa/es938.c  |  181
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 sound/isa/es938.h  |   24 +++++++
 5 files changed, 222 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 sound/isa/es938.c
 create mode 100644 sound/isa/es938.h

diff --git a/sound/isa/Kconfig b/sound/isa/Kconfig
index affa134..a8bf3e3 100644
--- a/sound/isa/Kconfig
+++ b/sound/isa/Kconfig
@@ -17,6 +17,9 @@ config SND_SB16_DSP
         select SND_PCM
         select SND_SB_COMMON
 
+config SND_ES938
+	tristate
+
 menuconfig SND_ISA
 	bool "ISA sound devices"
 	depends on ISA && ISA_DMA_API
@@ -183,6 +186,7 @@ config SND_ES18XX
 	select SND_OPL3_LIB
 	select SND_MPU401_UART
 	select SND_PCM
+	select SND_ES938
 	help
 	  Say Y here to include support for ESS AudioDrive ES18xx chips.
 
diff --git a/sound/isa/Makefile b/sound/isa/Makefile
index 9a15f14..d59e0bf 100644
--- a/sound/isa/Makefile
+++ b/sound/isa/Makefile
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ snd-als100-objs := als100.o
 snd-azt2320-objs := azt2320.o
 snd-cmi8328-objs := cmi8328.o
 snd-cmi8330-objs := cmi8330.o
+snd-es938-objs := es938.o
 snd-es18xx-objs := es18xx.o
 snd-opl3sa2-objs := opl3sa2.o
 snd-sc6000-objs := sc6000.o
@@ -19,6 +20,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SND_ALS100) += snd-als100.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_AZT2320) += snd-azt2320.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_CMI8328) += snd-cmi8328.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_CMI8330) += snd-cmi8330.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SND_ES938) += snd-es938.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_ES18XX) += snd-es18xx.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_OPL3SA2) += snd-opl3sa2.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SND_SC6000) += snd-sc6000.o
diff --git a/sound/isa/es18xx.c b/sound/isa/es18xx.c
index 12978b8..c502aa0 100644
--- a/sound/isa/es18xx.c
+++ b/sound/isa/es18xx.c
@@ -96,6 +96,7 @@
 #define SNDRV_LEGACY_FIND_FREE_IRQ
 #define SNDRV_LEGACY_FIND_FREE_DMA
 #include 
+#include "es938.h"
 
 #define PFX "es18xx: "
 
@@ -122,6 +123,7 @@ struct snd_es18xx {
 	struct snd_pcm_substream *playback_b_substream;
 
 	struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi;
+	struct snd_es938 es938;
 
 	struct snd_kcontrol *hw_volume;
 	struct snd_kcontrol *hw_switch;
@@ -2166,7 +2168,15 @@ static int snd_audiodrive_probe(struct snd_card
*card, int dev)
 			return err;
 	}
 
-	return snd_card_register(card);
+	err = snd_card_register(card);
+	if (err < 0)
+		return err;
+
+	if (mpu_port[dev] > 0 && mpu_port[dev] != SNDRV_AUTO_PORT)
+		if (snd_es938_init(&chip->es938, card, 0, 0) == 0)
+			printk("es938 found!\n");
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
 static int snd_es18xx_isa_match(struct device *pdev, unsigned int dev)
diff --git a/sound/isa/es938.c b/sound/isa/es938.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cfe8ae7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sound/isa/es938.c
@@ -0,0 +1,181 @@
+/*
+ *  Driver for ESS ES938 3-D Audio Effects Processor
+ *  Copyright (c) 2013 Ondrej Zary
+ *
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *   (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307
USA
+ *
+ */
+
+//#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include "es938.h"
+
+#define PFX "es938: "
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Ondrej Zary");  
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ESS ES938");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+static int snd_es938_read_reg(struct snd_es938 *chip, u8 reg, u8 *out)
+{
+	u8 buf[8];
+	int i = 0, res;
+	u8 sysex[] = { MIDI_CMD_COMMON_SYSEX, ES938_ID, ES938_CMD_REG_R, reg,
+		       MIDI_CMD_COMMON_SYSEX_END };
+
+	snd_rawmidi_kernel_write(chip->rfile.output, sysex, sizeof(sysex));
+
+	memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
+	while (i < sizeof(buf)) {
+		res = snd_rawmidi_kernel_read(chip->rfile.input, buf + i, sizeof(buf) -
i);
+		if (res > 0)
+			i+= res;
+	}
+
+	/* check reply */
+	if (memcmp(buf, sysex, 6) || buf[7] != MIDI_CMD_COMMON_SYSEX_END)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (out)
+		*out = buf[6];
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void snd_es938_write_reg(struct snd_es938 *chip, u8 reg, u8 val)
+{
+	u8 sysex[] = { MIDI_CMD_COMMON_SYSEX, ES938_ID, ES938_CMD_REG_W, reg,
+		       val, MIDI_CMD_COMMON_SYSEX_END };
+
+	snd_rawmidi_kernel_write(chip->rfile.output, sysex, sizeof(sysex));
+	chip->regs[reg] = val;
+}
+
+static void snd_es938_write_reg_mask(struct snd_es938 *chip, u8 reg, u8
val, u8 mask)
+{
+	u8 oldval = chip->regs[reg];
+	oldval &= ~mask;
+	snd_es938_write_reg(chip, reg, oldval | (val & mask));
+}
+
+#define ES938_MIXER(xname, xindex, reg, shift, mask) \
+{ .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER, .name = xname, .index = xindex, \
+  .info = snd_es938_info_mixer, \
+  .get = snd_es938_get_mixer, .put = snd_es938_put_mixer, \
+  .private_value = reg | (shift << 8) | (mask << 16) }
+
+#define ES938_MIXER_TLV(xname, xindex, reg, shift, mask, xtlv) \
+{ .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER, .name = xname, .index = xindex, \
+  .access = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_READWRITE |
SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_TLV_READ, \
+  .info = snd_es938_info_mixer, \
+  .get = snd_es938_get_mixer, .put = snd_es938_put_mixer, \
+  .private_value = reg | (shift << 8) | (mask << 16), \
+  .tlv = { .p = (xtlv) } }
+
+static const DECLARE_TLV_DB_SCALE(db_scale_tone, -900, 300, 0);
+
+static struct snd_kcontrol_new snd_es938_controls[] = {
+ES938_MIXER_TLV("Tone Control - Bass", 0, ES938_REG_TONE, 0, 7,
db_scale_tone),
+ES938_MIXER_TLV("Tone Control - Treble", 0, ES938_REG_TONE, 4, 7,
db_scale_tone),
+ES938_MIXER("3D Control - Level", 0, ES938_REG_SPATIAL, 1, 63),
+ES938_MIXER("3D Control - Switch", 0, ES938_REG_SPATIAL_EN, 0, 1),
+};
+
+int snd_es938_init(struct snd_es938 *chip, struct snd_card *card, int
device,
+		   int subdevice)
+{
+	int err, i;
+
+	if ((err = snd_rawmidi_kernel_open(card, device, subdevice,
+			SNDRV_RAWMIDI_LFLG_OPEN | SNDRV_RAWMIDI_LFLG_APPEND,
+			&chip->rfile)) < 0) {
+		snd_printk(KERN_WARNING PFX "unable to open MIDI device\n");
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	/* try to read a register to detect chip presence */
+	if (snd_es938_read_reg(chip, ES938_REG_MISC, NULL) < 0)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	/* write default values (there's no reset) */
+	snd_es938_write_reg(chip, ES938_REG_MISC, 0x49);
+	snd_es938_write_reg(chip, ES938_REG_TONE, 0x33);
+	snd_es938_write_reg(chip, ES938_REG_SPATIAL, 0x00);
+	/* datasheet specifies invalid value 0x00 as default */
+	snd_es938_write_reg(chip, ES938_REG_SPATIAL_EN, 0x02);
+	snd_es938_write_reg(chip, ES938_REG_POWER, 0x0e);
+
+	strlcat(card->mixername, " + ES938", sizeof(card->mixername));
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(snd_es938_controls); i++)
+		if ((err = snd_ctl_add(card, snd_ctl_new1(&snd_es938_controls[i],
chip))) < 0)
+			return err;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_es938_init);
+
+void snd_es938_release(struct snd_es938 *chip)
+{
+	snd_rawmidi_kernel_release(&chip->rfile);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_es938_release);
+
+
+int snd_es938_info_mixer(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct
snd_ctl_elem_info *uinfo)
+{
+	int mask = (kcontrol->private_value >> 16) & 0xff;
+
+	uinfo->type = mask == 1 ? SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_BOOLEAN :
SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_INTEGER;
+	uinfo->count = 1;
+	uinfo->value.integer.min = 0;
+	uinfo->value.integer.max = mask;
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_es938_info_mixer);
+
+int snd_es938_get_mixer(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct
snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
+{
+	struct snd_es938 *chip = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
+	int reg = kcontrol->private_value & 0xff;
+	int shift = (kcontrol->private_value >> 8) & 0xff;
+	int mask = (kcontrol->private_value >> 16) & 0xff;
+	u8 val = chip->regs[reg];
+	
+	ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] = (val >> shift) & mask;
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_es938_get_mixer);
+
+int snd_es938_put_mixer(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct
snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
+{
+	struct snd_es938 *chip = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
+	int reg = kcontrol->private_value & 0xff;
+	int shift = (kcontrol->private_value >> 8) & 0xff;
+	int mask = (kcontrol->private_value >> 16) & 0xff;
+	u8 val = ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] & mask;
+	u8 oldval = chip->regs[reg];
+
+	mask <<= shift;
+	val <<= shift;
+	
+	snd_es938_write_reg_mask(chip, reg, val, mask);
+	return chip->regs[reg] != oldval;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_es938_put_mixer);
diff --git a/sound/isa/es938.h b/sound/isa/es938.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1f8595f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sound/isa/es938.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+#include 
+
+#define ES938_ID	0x00, 0x00, 0x7b
+
+#define ES938_CMD_REG_R		0x7e
+#define ES938_CMD_REG_W		0x7f
+
+#define ES938_REG_MISC		0
+#define ES938_REG_TONE		1
+#define ES938_REG_SPATIAL	5
+#define ES938_REG_SPATIAL_EN	6
+#define ES938_REG_POWER		7
+
+struct snd_es938 {
+	u8 regs[8];
+	struct snd_rawmidi_file rfile;
+};
+
+int snd_es938_init(struct snd_es938 *chip, struct snd_card *card, int
device,
+		   int subdevice);
+void snd_es938_release(struct snd_es938 *chip);
+int snd_es938_info_mixer(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct
snd_ctl_elem_info *uinfo);
+int snd_es938_get_mixer(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct
snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol);
+int snd_es938_put_mixer(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct
snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol);
-- 
Ondrej Zary
 
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