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Gmane
From: Kim, Milo <Milo.Kim <at> ti.com>
Subject: [PATCH v3] backlight: add new LP8788 backlight driver
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Monday 25th February 2013 05:41:14 UTC (over 3 years ago)
TI LP8788 PMU supports regulators, battery charger, RTC, ADC, backlight
driver
and current sinks.
This patch enables LP8788 backlight module.

(Brightness mode)
The brightness is controlled by PWM input or I2C register.
All modes are supported in the driver.

(Platform data)
Configurable data can be defined in the platform side.
 name                  : backlight driver name. (default: "lcd-backlight")
 initial_brightness    : initial value of backlight brightness
 bl_mode               : brightness control by PWM or lp8788 register
 dim_mode              : dimming mode selection
 full_scale            : full scale current setting
 rise_time             : brightness ramp up step time
 fall_time             : brightness ramp down step time
 pwm_pol               : PWM polarity setting when bl_mode is PWM based
 period_ns             : platform specific PWM period value. unit is nano.

The default values are set in case no platform data is defined.

Patch v3.
 Use generic PWM polarity enum type instead of LP8788 private data type.
   : 'lp8788_bl_pwm_polartiy' is replaced with 'pwm_polarity' enum type.
 Relocate the register description.
 Use prefix, '_SHIFT' for the bit shift arithmetic of the registers.
 Fix wrong coding style on comment.
 Use capital letters for PWM description except the code.
 Use PAGE_SIZE on the sysfs read operation.

Patch v2.
 Use generic PWM functions rather than lp8788 platform data function calls.
 Add configurable PWM period in the platform data.
 Replace module_init() and module_exit() with module_platform_driver().

Patch v1.
 Initial patch

Signed-off-by: Milo(Woogyom) Kim 
---
 drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig     |    6 +
 drivers/video/backlight/Makefile    |    1 +
 drivers/video/backlight/lp8788_bl.c |  333
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mfd/lp8788.h          |   24 +--
 4 files changed, 345 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/video/backlight/lp8788_bl.c

diff --git a/drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig
b/drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig
index be27b55..db10d01 100644
--- a/drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig
@@ -384,6 +384,12 @@ config BACKLIGHT_LP855X
 	  This supports TI LP8550, LP8551, LP8552, LP8553, LP8556 and LP8557
 	  backlight driver.
 
+config BACKLIGHT_LP8788
+	tristate "Backlight driver for TI LP8788 MFD"
+	depends on BACKLIGHT_CLASS_DEVICE && MFD_LP8788
+	help
+	  This supports TI LP8788 backlight driver.
+
 config BACKLIGHT_OT200
 	tristate "Backlight driver for ot200 visualisation device"
 	depends on BACKLIGHT_CLASS_DEVICE && CS5535_MFGPT && GPIO_CS5535
diff --git a/drivers/video/backlight/Makefile
b/drivers/video/backlight/Makefile
index 4606c21..96c4d62 100644
--- a/drivers/video/backlight/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/video/backlight/Makefile
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_LM3630)		+= lm3630_bl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_LM3639)		+= lm3639_bl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_LOCOMO)		+= locomolcd.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_LP855X)		+= lp855x_bl.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_LP8788)		+= lp8788_bl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_MAX8925)		+= max8925_bl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_OMAP1)		+= omap1_bl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_OT200)		+= ot200_bl.o
diff --git a/drivers/video/backlight/lp8788_bl.c
b/drivers/video/backlight/lp8788_bl.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4bb8b4f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/video/backlight/lp8788_bl.c
@@ -0,0 +1,333 @@
+/*
+ * TI LP8788 MFD - backlight driver
+ *
+ * Copyright 2012 Texas Instruments
+ *
+ * Author: Milo(Woogyom) Kim 
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+
+/* Register address */
+#define LP8788_BL_CONFIG		0x96
+#define LP8788_BL_EN			BIT(0)
+#define LP8788_BL_PWM_INPUT_EN		BIT(5)
+#define LP8788_BL_FULLSCALE_SHIFT	2
+#define LP8788_BL_DIM_MODE_SHIFT	1
+#define LP8788_BL_PWM_POLARITY_SHIFT	6
+
+#define LP8788_BL_BRIGHTNESS		0x97
+
+#define LP8788_BL_RAMP			0x98
+#define LP8788_BL_RAMP_RISE_SHIFT	4
+
+#define MAX_BRIGHTNESS			127
+#define DEFAULT_BL_NAME			"lcd-backlight"
+
+struct lp8788_bl_config {
+	enum lp8788_bl_ctrl_mode bl_mode;
+	enum lp8788_bl_dim_mode dim_mode;
+	enum lp8788_bl_full_scale_current full_scale;
+	enum lp8788_bl_ramp_step rise_time;
+	enum lp8788_bl_ramp_step fall_time;
+	enum pwm_polarity pwm_pol;
+};
+
+struct lp8788_bl {
+	struct lp8788 *lp;
+	struct backlight_device *bl_dev;
+	struct lp8788_backlight_platform_data *pdata;
+	enum lp8788_bl_ctrl_mode mode;
+	struct pwm_device *pwm;
+};
+
+struct lp8788_bl_config default_bl_config = {
+	.bl_mode    = LP8788_BL_REGISTER_ONLY,
+	.dim_mode   = LP8788_DIM_EXPONENTIAL,
+	.full_scale = LP8788_FULLSCALE_1900uA,
+	.rise_time  = LP8788_RAMP_8192us,
+	.fall_time  = LP8788_RAMP_8192us,
+	.pwm_pol    = PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL,
+};
+
+static inline bool is_brightness_ctrl_by_pwm(enum lp8788_bl_ctrl_mode
mode)
+{
+	return (mode == LP8788_BL_COMB_PWM_BASED);
+}
+
+static inline bool is_brightness_ctrl_by_register(enum lp8788_bl_ctrl_mode
mode)
+{
+	return (mode == LP8788_BL_REGISTER_ONLY ||
+		mode == LP8788_BL_COMB_REGISTER_BASED);
+}
+
+static int lp8788_backlight_configure(struct lp8788_bl *bl)
+{
+	struct lp8788_backlight_platform_data *pdata = bl->pdata;
+	struct lp8788_bl_config *cfg = &default_bl_config;
+	int ret;
+	u8 val;
+
+	/*
+	 * Update chip configuration if platform data exists,
+	 * otherwise use the default settings.
+	 */
+	if (pdata) {
+		cfg->bl_mode    = pdata->bl_mode;
+		cfg->dim_mode   = pdata->dim_mode;
+		cfg->full_scale = pdata->full_scale;
+		cfg->rise_time  = pdata->rise_time;
+		cfg->fall_time  = pdata->fall_time;
+		cfg->pwm_pol    = pdata->pwm_pol;
+	}
+
+	/* Brightness ramp up/down */
+	val = (cfg->rise_time << LP8788_BL_RAMP_RISE_SHIFT) | cfg->fall_time;
+	ret = lp8788_write_byte(bl->lp, LP8788_BL_RAMP, val);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Fullscale current setting */
+	val = (cfg->full_scale << LP8788_BL_FULLSCALE_SHIFT) |
+		(cfg->dim_mode << LP8788_BL_DIM_MODE_SHIFT);
+
+	/* Brightness control mode */
+	switch (cfg->bl_mode) {
+	case LP8788_BL_REGISTER_ONLY:
+		val |= LP8788_BL_EN;
+		break;
+	case LP8788_BL_COMB_PWM_BASED:
+	case LP8788_BL_COMB_REGISTER_BASED:
+		val |= LP8788_BL_EN | LP8788_BL_PWM_INPUT_EN |
+			(cfg->pwm_pol << LP8788_BL_PWM_POLARITY_SHIFT);
+		break;
+	default:
+		dev_err(bl->lp->dev, "invalid mode: %d\n", cfg->bl_mode);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	bl->mode = cfg->bl_mode;
+
+	return lp8788_write_byte(bl->lp, LP8788_BL_CONFIG, val);
+}
+
+static void lp8788_pwm_ctrl(struct lp8788_bl *bl, int br, int max_br)
+{
+	unsigned int period;
+	unsigned int duty;
+	struct device *dev;
+	struct pwm_device *pwm;
+
+	if (!bl->pdata)
+		return;
+
+	period = bl->pdata->period_ns;
+	duty = br * period / max_br;
+	dev = bl->lp->dev;
+
+	/* request PWM device with the consumer name */
+	if (!bl->pwm) {
+		pwm = devm_pwm_get(dev, LP8788_DEV_BACKLIGHT);
+		if (IS_ERR(pwm)) {
+			dev_err(dev, "can not get PWM device\n");
+			return;
+		}
+
+		bl->pwm = pwm;
+	}
+
+	pwm_config(bl->pwm, duty, period);
+	if (duty)
+		pwm_enable(bl->pwm);
+	else
+		pwm_disable(bl->pwm);
+}
+
+static int lp8788_bl_update_status(struct backlight_device *bl_dev)
+{
+	struct lp8788_bl *bl = bl_get_data(bl_dev);
+	enum lp8788_bl_ctrl_mode mode = bl->mode;
+
+	if (bl_dev->props.state & BL_CORE_SUSPENDED)
+		bl_dev->props.brightness = 0;
+
+	if (is_brightness_ctrl_by_pwm(mode)) {
+		int brt = bl_dev->props.brightness;
+		int max = bl_dev->props.max_brightness;
+
+		lp8788_pwm_ctrl(bl, brt, max);
+	} else if (is_brightness_ctrl_by_register(mode)) {
+		u8 brt = bl_dev->props.brightness;
+
+		lp8788_write_byte(bl->lp, LP8788_BL_BRIGHTNESS, brt);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int lp8788_bl_get_brightness(struct backlight_device *bl_dev)
+{
+	return bl_dev->props.brightness;
+}
+
+static const struct backlight_ops lp8788_bl_ops = {
+	.options = BL_CORE_SUSPENDRESUME,
+	.update_status = lp8788_bl_update_status,
+	.get_brightness = lp8788_bl_get_brightness,
+};
+
+static int lp8788_backlight_register(struct lp8788_bl *bl)
+{
+	struct backlight_device *bl_dev;
+	struct backlight_properties props;
+	struct lp8788_backlight_platform_data *pdata = bl->pdata;
+	int init_brt;
+	char *name;
+
+	props.type = BACKLIGHT_PLATFORM;
+	props.max_brightness = MAX_BRIGHTNESS;
+
+	/* Initial brightness */
+	if (pdata)
+		init_brt = min_t(int, pdata->initial_brightness,
+				props.max_brightness);
+	else
+		init_brt = 0;
+
+	props.brightness = init_brt;
+
+	/* Backlight device name */
+	if (!pdata || !pdata->name)
+		name = DEFAULT_BL_NAME;
+	else
+		name = pdata->name;
+
+	bl_dev = backlight_device_register(name, bl->lp->dev, bl,
+				       &lp8788_bl_ops, &props);
+	if (IS_ERR(bl_dev))
+		return PTR_ERR(bl_dev);
+
+	bl->bl_dev = bl_dev;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void lp8788_backlight_unregister(struct lp8788_bl *bl)
+{
+	struct backlight_device *bl_dev = bl->bl_dev;
+
+	if (bl_dev)
+		backlight_device_unregister(bl_dev);
+}
+
+static ssize_t lp8788_get_bl_ctl_mode(struct device *dev,
+				     struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct lp8788_bl *bl = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	enum lp8788_bl_ctrl_mode mode = bl->mode;
+	char *strmode;
+
+	if (is_brightness_ctrl_by_pwm(mode))
+		strmode = "PWM based";
+	else if (is_brightness_ctrl_by_register(mode))
+		strmode = "Register based";
+	else
+		strmode = "Invalid mode";
+
+	return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%s\n", strmode);
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR(bl_ctl_mode, S_IRUGO, lp8788_get_bl_ctl_mode, NULL);
+
+static struct attribute *lp8788_attributes[] = {
+	&dev_attr_bl_ctl_mode.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group lp8788_attr_group = {
+	.attrs = lp8788_attributes,
+};
+
+static int lp8788_backlight_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct lp8788 *lp = dev_get_drvdata(pdev->dev.parent);
+	struct lp8788_bl *bl;
+	int ret;
+
+	bl = devm_kzalloc(lp->dev, sizeof(struct lp8788_bl), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!bl)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	bl->lp = lp;
+	if (lp->pdata)
+		bl->pdata = lp->pdata->bl_pdata;
+
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, bl);
+
+	ret = lp8788_backlight_configure(bl);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(lp->dev, "backlight config err: %d\n", ret);
+		goto err_dev;
+	}
+
+	ret = lp8788_backlight_register(bl);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(lp->dev, "register backlight err: %d\n", ret);
+		goto err_dev;
+	}
+
+	ret = sysfs_create_group(&pdev->dev.kobj, &lp8788_attr_group);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(lp->dev, "register sysfs err: %d\n", ret);
+		goto err_sysfs;
+	}
+
+	backlight_update_status(bl->bl_dev);
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_sysfs:
+	lp8788_backlight_unregister(bl);
+err_dev:
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int lp8788_backlight_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct lp8788_bl *bl = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+	struct backlight_device *bl_dev = bl->bl_dev;
+
+	bl_dev->props.brightness = 0;
+	backlight_update_status(bl_dev);
+	sysfs_remove_group(&pdev->dev.kobj, &lp8788_attr_group);
+	lp8788_backlight_unregister(bl);
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver lp8788_bl_driver = {
+	.probe = lp8788_backlight_probe,
+	.remove = lp8788_backlight_remove,
+	.driver = {
+		.name = LP8788_DEV_BACKLIGHT,
+		.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+	},
+};
+module_platform_driver(lp8788_bl_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Texas Instruments LP8788 Backlight Driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Milo Kim");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform:lp8788-backlight");
diff --git a/include/linux/mfd/lp8788.h b/include/linux/mfd/lp8788.h
index 2a32b16..786bf66 100644
--- a/include/linux/mfd/lp8788.h
+++ b/include/linux/mfd/lp8788.h
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 
 #include 
 #include 
+#include 
 #include 
 
 #define LP8788_DEV_BUCK		"lp8788-buck"
@@ -124,11 +125,6 @@ enum lp8788_bl_ramp_step {
 	LP8788_RAMP_65538us,
 };
 
-enum lp8788_bl_pwm_polarity {
-	LP8788_PWM_ACTIVE_HIGH,
-	LP8788_PWM_ACTIVE_LOW,
-};
-
 enum lp8788_isink_scale {
 	LP8788_ISINK_SCALE_100mA,
 	LP8788_ISINK_SCALE_120mA,
@@ -229,16 +225,6 @@ struct lp8788_charger_platform_data {
 };
 
 /*
- * struct lp8788_bl_pwm_data
- * @pwm_set_intensity     : set duty of pwm
- * @pwm_get_intensity     : get current duty of pwm
- */
-struct lp8788_bl_pwm_data {
-	void (*pwm_set_intensity) (int brightness, int max_brightness);
-	int (*pwm_get_intensity) (int max_brightness);
-};
-
-/*
  * struct lp8788_backlight_platform_data
  * @name                  : backlight driver name. (default:
"lcd-backlight")
  * @initial_brightness    : initial value of backlight brightness
@@ -248,8 +234,8 @@ struct lp8788_bl_pwm_data {
  * @rise_time             : brightness ramp up step time
  * @fall_time             : brightness ramp down step time
  * @pwm_pol               : pwm polarity setting when bl_mode is pwm based
- * @pwm_data              : platform specific pwm generation functions
- *                          only valid when bl_mode is pwm based
+ * @period_ns             : platform specific pwm period value. unit is
nano.
+			    Only valid when bl_mode is LP8788_BL_COMB_PWM_BASED
  */
 struct lp8788_backlight_platform_data {
 	char *name;
@@ -259,8 +245,8 @@ struct lp8788_backlight_platform_data {
 	enum lp8788_bl_full_scale_current full_scale;
 	enum lp8788_bl_ramp_step rise_time;
 	enum lp8788_bl_ramp_step fall_time;
-	enum lp8788_bl_pwm_polarity pwm_pol;
-	struct lp8788_bl_pwm_data pwm_data;
+	enum pwm_polarity pwm_pol;
+	unsigned int period_ns;
 };
 
 /*
-- 
1.7.9.5


Best Regards,
Milo
 
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