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Gmane
From: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov <at> gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH] fs, proc: Introduce /proc//task//children entry v7
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Thursday 19th January 2012 15:51:13 UTC (over 4 years ago)
If it's needed I can wrap all this with CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE, should
I?

---
From: Cyrill Gorcunov <[email protected]>
Subject: [PATCH] fs, proc: Introduce /proc//task//children entry
v7

When we do checkpoint of a task we need to know the list of children
the task, has but there is no easy and fast way to generate reverse
parent->children chain from arbitrary  (while a parent pid is
provided in "PPid" field of /proc//status).

So instead of walking over all pids in the system (creating one big process
tree in memory, just to figure out which children a task has) -- we add
explicit /proc//task//children entry, because the kernel already
has
this kind of information but it is not yet exported.

This is a first level children, not the whole process tree.

v2:
 - Kame suggested to use a separated /proc//children entry
   instead of poking /proc//status
 - Andew suggested to use rcu facility instead of locking
   tasklist_lock
 - Tejun pointed that non-seekable seq file might not be
   enough for tasks with large number of children

v3:
 - To be on a safe side use %lu format for pid_t printing

v4:
 - New line get printed when sequence ends not at seq->stop,
   a nit pointed by Tejun
 - Documentation update
 - tasklist_lock is back, Oleg pointed that ->children list
   is actually not rcu-safe

v5:
 - Oleg suggested to make /proc//task//children
   instead of global /proc//children, which eliminates
   hardness related to threads and children migration, and
   allows patch to be a way simplier.

v6:
 - Drop ptrace_may_access tests, pids are can be found anyway
   so nothing to protect here.
 - Update comments and docs, pointed by Oleg.

v7:
 - Use get_pid over proc-pid directly, to simplify
   code, pointed by Oleg.

Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <[email protected]>
Cc: Andrew Morton 
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov 
Cc: Serge Hallyn 
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki 
Cc: Oleg Nesterov 
---
 Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt |   18 ++++
 fs/proc/array.c                    |  147
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/proc/base.c                     |    1 
 fs/proc/internal.h                 |    1 
 4 files changed, 167 insertions(+)

Index: linux-2.6.git/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.git.orig/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
+++ linux-2.6.git/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ Table of Contents
   3.4	/proc//coredump_filter - Core dump filtering settings
   3.5	/proc//mountinfo - Information about mounts
   3.6	/proc//comm  & /proc//task//comm
+  3.7   /proc//task//children - Information about task children
 
   4	Configuring procfs
   4.1	Mount options
@@ -1549,6 +1550,23 @@ then the kernel's TASK_COMM_LEN (current
 comm value.
 
 
+3.7	/proc//task//children - Information about task children
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This file provides a fast way to retrieve first level children pids
+of a task pointed by / pair. The format is a space separated
+stream of pids.
+
+Note the "first level" here -- if a child has own children they will
+not be listed here, one needs to read
/proc//task//children
+to obtain the descendants.
+
+Since this interface is intended to be fast and cheap it doesn't
+guarantee to provide precise results and some children might be
+skipped, especially if they've exited right after we printed their
+pids, so one need to either stop or freeze processes being inspected
+if precise results are needed.
+
+
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Configuring procfs
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Index: linux-2.6.git/fs/proc/array.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.git.orig/fs/proc/array.c
+++ linux-2.6.git/fs/proc/array.c
@@ -547,3 +547,150 @@ int proc_pid_statm(struct seq_file *m, s
 
 	return 0;
 }
+
+struct proc_pid_children_iter {
+	struct pid_namespace *pid_ns;
+	struct pid *parent_pid;
+};
+
+static struct pid *
+get_children_pid(struct proc_pid_children_iter *iter, struct pid
*pid_prev, loff_t pos)
+{
+	struct task_struct *start, *task;
+	struct pid *pid = NULL;
+
+	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+
+	start = pid_task(iter->parent_pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
+	if (!start)
+		goto out;
+
+	/*
+	 * Lets try to continue searching first, this gives
+	 * us significant speedup on children-rich processes.
+	 */
+	if (pid_prev) {
+		task = pid_task(pid_prev, PIDTYPE_PID);
+		if (task && task->real_parent == start &&
+		    !(list_empty(&task->sibling))) {
+			if (list_is_last(&task->sibling, &start->children))
+				goto out;
+			task = list_first_entry(&task->sibling,
+						struct task_struct, sibling);
+			pid = get_pid(task_pid(task));
+			goto out;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Slow search case.
+	 *
+	 * We might miss some children here if children
+	 * are exited while we were not holding the lock,
+	 * but it was never promised to be accurate that
+	 * much.
+	 *
+	 * "Just suppose that the parent sleeps, but N children
+	 *  exit after we printed their tids. Now the slow paths
+	 *  skips N extra children, we miss N tasks." (c)
+	 *
+	 * So one need to stop or freeze the leader and all
+	 * its children to get a precise result.
+	 */
+	list_for_each_entry(task, &start->children, sibling) {
+		if (pos-- == 0) {
+			pid = get_pid(task_pid(task));
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+out:
+	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+	return pid;
+}
+
+static int children_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
+{
+	struct proc_pid_children_iter *iter = seq->private;
+	unsigned long pid = (unsigned long)pid_nr_ns(v, iter->pid_ns);
+
+	return seq_printf(seq, " %lu", pid);
+}
+
+static void *children_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	return get_children_pid(seq->private, NULL, *pos);
+}
+
+static void *children_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	struct proc_pid_children_iter *iter = seq->private;
+	struct pid *pid = NULL;
+
+	pid = get_children_pid(iter, v, *pos + 1);
+	if (!pid)
+		seq_printf(seq, "\n");
+	put_pid(v);
+
+	++*pos;
+	return pid;
+}
+
+static void children_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
+{
+	put_pid(v);
+}
+
+static const struct seq_operations children_seq_ops = {
+	.start	= children_seq_start,
+	.next	= children_seq_next,
+	.stop	= children_seq_stop,
+	.show	= children_seq_show,
+};
+
+static int children_seq_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	struct proc_pid_children_iter *iter = NULL;
+	struct task_struct *task = NULL;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	iter = kmalloc(sizeof(*iter), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!iter) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	ret = seq_open(file, &children_seq_ops);
+	if (!ret) {
+		struct seq_file *m = file->private_data;
+		m->private = iter;
+
+		iter->parent_pid = get_pid(proc_pid(inode));
+		iter->pid_ns = inode->i_sb->s_fs_info;
+	}
+
+err:
+	if (ret)
+		kfree(iter);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int children_seq_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	struct seq_file *m = file->private_data;
+	struct proc_pid_children_iter *iter = m->private;
+
+	put_pid(iter->parent_pid);
+	kfree(iter);
+
+	seq_release(inode, file);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+const struct file_operations proc_tid_children_operations = {
+	.open    = children_seq_open,
+	.read    = seq_read,
+	.llseek  = seq_lseek,
+	.release = children_seq_release,
+};
Index: linux-2.6.git/fs/proc/base.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.git.orig/fs/proc/base.c
+++ linux-2.6.git/fs/proc/base.c
@@ -3454,6 +3454,7 @@ static const struct pid_entry tid_base_s
 	ONE("stat",      S_IRUGO, proc_tid_stat),
 	ONE("statm",     S_IRUGO, proc_pid_statm),
 	REG("maps",      S_IRUGO, proc_maps_operations),
+	REG("children",  S_IRUGO, proc_tid_children_operations),
 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
 	REG("numa_maps", S_IRUGO, proc_numa_maps_operations),
 #endif
Index: linux-2.6.git/fs/proc/internal.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.git.orig/fs/proc/internal.h
+++ linux-2.6.git/fs/proc/internal.h
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern int proc_pid_statm(struct seq_fil
 				struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task);
 extern loff_t mem_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int orig);
 
+extern const struct file_operations proc_tid_children_operations;
 extern const struct file_operations proc_maps_operations;
 extern const struct file_operations proc_numa_maps_operations;
 extern const struct file_operations proc_smaps_operations;
 
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