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Gmane
From: Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot-QSEj5FYQhm4dnm+yROfE0A <at> public.gmane.org>
Subject: [PATCH v3] Add ARM cpu topology definition
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Friday 24th June 2011 18:38:44 UTC (over 5 years ago)
The affinity between ARM processors is defined in the MPIDR register.
We can identify which processors are in the same cluster,
and which ones have performance interdependency. We can define the
cpu topology of ARM platform, that is then used by sched_mc and sched_smt.

The default state of sched_mc and sched_smt config is disable.
When enabled, the behavior of the scheduler can be modified with
sched_mc_power_savings and sched_smt_power_savings sysfs interfaces.

Changes since v2 :
* Update the commit message and some comments

Changes since v1 :
* Update the commit message
* Add read_cpuid_mpidr in arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h
* Modify header of arch/arm/kernel/topology.c
* Modify tests and manipulation of MPIDR's bitfields
* Modify the place and dependancy of the config
* Modify Noop functions

Signed-off-by: Vincent Guittot

Reviewed-by: Amit Kucheria

---
 arch/arm/Kconfig                |   25 +++++++
 arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h  |    6 ++
 arch/arm/include/asm/topology.h |   33 +++++++++
 arch/arm/kernel/Makefile        |    1 +
 arch/arm/kernel/smp.c           |    6 ++
 arch/arm/kernel/topology.c      |  150
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 221 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/topology.c

diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
index 9adc278..f327e55 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
@@ -1344,6 +1344,31 @@ config SMP_ON_UP
 
 	  If you don't know what to do here, say Y.
 
+config ARM_CPU_TOPOLOGY
+	bool "Support cpu topology definition"
+	depends on SMP && CPU_V7
+	default y
+	help
+	  Support ARM cpu topology definition. The MPIDR register defines
+	  affinity between processors which is then used to describe the cpu
+	  topology of an ARM System.
+
+config SCHED_MC
+	bool "Multi-core scheduler support"
+	depends on ARM_CPU_TOPOLOGY
+	help
+	  Multi-core scheduler support improves the CPU scheduler's decision
+	  making when dealing with multi-core CPU chips at a cost of slightly
+	  increased overhead in some places. If unsure say N here.
+
+config SCHED_SMT
+	bool "SMT scheduler support"
+	depends on ARM_CPU_TOPOLOGY
+	help
+	  Improves the CPU scheduler's decision making when dealing with
+	  MultiThreading at a cost of slightly increased overhead in some
+	  places. If unsure say N here.
+
 config HAVE_ARM_SCU
 	bool
 	depends on SMP
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h
b/arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h
index cd4458f..cb47d28 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
 #define CPUID_CACHETYPE	1
 #define CPUID_TCM	2
 #define CPUID_TLBTYPE	3
+#define CPUID_MPIDR	5
 
 #define CPUID_EXT_PFR0	"c1, 0"
 #define CPUID_EXT_PFR1	"c1, 1"
@@ -70,6 +71,11 @@ static inline unsigned int __attribute_const__
read_cpuid_tcmstatus(void)
 	return read_cpuid(CPUID_TCM);
 }
 
+static inline unsigned int __attribute_const__ read_cpuid_mpidr(void)
+{
+	return read_cpuid(CPUID_MPIDR);
+}
+
 /*
  * Intel's XScale3 core supports some v6 features (supersections, L2)
  * but advertises itself as v5 as it does not support the v6 ISA.  For
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/topology.h
b/arch/arm/include/asm/topology.h
index accbd7c..63a7454 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/topology.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/topology.h
@@ -1,6 +1,39 @@
 #ifndef _ASM_ARM_TOPOLOGY_H
 #define _ASM_ARM_TOPOLOGY_H
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_CPU_TOPOLOGY
+
+#include 
+
+struct cputopo_arm {
+	int thread_id;
+	int core_id;
+	int socket_id;
+	cpumask_t thread_sibling;
+	cpumask_t core_sibling;
+};
+
+extern struct cputopo_arm cpu_topology[NR_CPUS];
+
+#define topology_physical_package_id(cpu)	(cpu_topology[cpu].socket_id)
+#define topology_core_id(cpu)		(cpu_topology[cpu].core_id)
+#define topology_core_cpumask(cpu)	(&(cpu_topology[cpu].core_sibling))
+#define topology_thread_cpumask(cpu)	(&(cpu_topology[cpu].thread_sibling))
+
+#define mc_capable()	(cpu_topology[0].socket_id != -1)
+#define smt_capable()	(cpu_topology[0].thread_id != -1)
+
+void init_cpu_topology(void);
+void store_cpu_topology(unsigned int cpuid);
+const struct cpumask *cpu_coregroup_mask(unsigned int cpu);
+
+#else
+
+static inline void init_cpu_topology(void) { };
+static inline void store_cpu_topology(unsigned int cpuid) { };
+
+#endif
+
 #include 
 
 #endif /* _ASM_ARM_TOPOLOGY_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/Makefile b/arch/arm/kernel/Makefile
index a5b31af..816a481 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/Makefile
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IWMMXT)		+= iwmmxt.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_HAS_PMU)	+= pmu.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HW_PERF_EVENTS)	+= perf_event.o
 AFLAGS_iwmmxt.o			:= -Wa,-mcpu=iwmmxt
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_CPU_TOPOLOGY)  += topology.o
 
 ifneq ($(CONFIG_ARCH_EBSA110),y)
   obj-y		+= io.o
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
index 344e52b..3e8dc3b 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
 #include 
 #include 
 #include 
+#include 
 #include 
 #include 
 #include 
@@ -268,6 +269,9 @@ static void __cpuinit smp_store_cpu_info(unsigned int
cpuid)
 	struct cpuinfo_arm *cpu_info = &per_cpu(cpu_data, cpuid);
 
 	cpu_info->loops_per_jiffy = loops_per_jiffy;
+
+	store_cpu_topology(cpuid);
+
 }
 
 /*
@@ -354,6 +358,8 @@ void __init smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus)
 {
 	unsigned int ncores = num_possible_cpus();
 
+	init_cpu_topology();
+
 	smp_store_cpu_info(smp_processor_id());
 
 	/*
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/topology.c b/arch/arm/kernel/topology.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..52f5265
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/topology.c
@@ -0,0 +1,150 @@
+/*
+ * arch/arm/kernel/topology.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Linaro Limited.
+ * Written by: Vincent Guittot
+ *
+ * based on arch/sh/kernel/topology.c
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General
Public
+ * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
+ * for more details.
+ */
+
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+#include 
+
+#include 
+#include 
+
+#define MPIDR_SMP_BITMASK (0x3 << 30)
+#define MPIDR_SMP_VALUE (0x2 << 30)
+
+#define MPIDR_MT_BITMASK (0x1 << 24)
+
+/*
+ * These masks reflect the current use of the affinity levels.
+ * The affinity level can be up to 16 bits according to ARM ARM
+ */
+
+#define MPIDR_LEVEL0_MASK 0x3
+#define MPIDR_LEVEL0_SHIFT 0
+
+#define MPIDR_LEVEL1_MASK 0xF
+#define MPIDR_LEVEL1_SHIFT 8
+
+#define MPIDR_LEVEL2_MASK 0xFF
+#define MPIDR_LEVEL2_SHIFT 16
+
+struct cputopo_arm cpu_topology[NR_CPUS];
+
+const struct cpumask *cpu_coregroup_mask(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	return &(cpu_topology[cpu].core_sibling);
+}
+
+/*
+ * store_cpu_topology is called at boot when only one cpu is running
+ * and with the mutex cpu_hotplug.lock locked, when several cpus have
booted,
+ * which prevents simultaneous write access to cpu_topology array
+ */
+void store_cpu_topology(unsigned int cpuid)
+{
+	struct cputopo_arm *cpuid_topo = &(cpu_topology[cpuid]);
+	unsigned int mpidr;
+	unsigned int cpu;
+
+	/* If the cpu topology has been already set, just return */
+	if (cpuid_topo->core_id != -1)
+		return;
+
+	mpidr = read_cpuid_mpidr();
+
+	/* create cpu topology mapping */
+	if ((mpidr & MPIDR_SMP_BITMASK) == MPIDR_SMP_VALUE) {
+		/*
+		 * This is a multiprocessor system
+		 * multiprocessor format & multiprocessor mode field are set
+		 */
+
+		if (mpidr & MPIDR_MT_BITMASK) {
+			/* core performance interdependency */
+			cpuid_topo->thread_id = ((mpidr >> MPIDR_LEVEL0_SHIFT)
+				& MPIDR_LEVEL0_MASK);
+			cpuid_topo->core_id =  ((mpidr >> MPIDR_LEVEL1_SHIFT)
+				& MPIDR_LEVEL1_MASK);
+			cpuid_topo->socket_id = ((mpidr >> MPIDR_LEVEL2_SHIFT)
+				& MPIDR_LEVEL2_MASK);
+		} else {
+			/* largely independent cores */
+			cpuid_topo->thread_id = -1;
+			cpuid_topo->core_id = ((mpidr >> MPIDR_LEVEL0_SHIFT)
+				& MPIDR_LEVEL0_MASK);
+			cpuid_topo->socket_id = ((mpidr >> MPIDR_LEVEL1_SHIFT)
+				& MPIDR_LEVEL1_MASK);
+		}
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * This is an uniprocessor system
+		 * we are in multiprocessor format but uniprocessor system
+		 * or in the old uniprocessor format
+		 */
+
+		cpuid_topo->thread_id = -1;
+		cpuid_topo->core_id = 0;
+		cpuid_topo->socket_id = -1;
+	}
+
+	/* update core and thread sibling masks */
+	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+		struct cputopo_arm *cpu_topo = &(cpu_topology[cpu]);
+
+		if (cpuid_topo->socket_id == cpu_topo->socket_id) {
+			cpumask_set_cpu(cpuid, &cpu_topo->core_sibling);
+			if (cpu != cpuid)
+				cpumask_set_cpu(cpu,
+					&cpuid_topo->core_sibling);
+
+			if (cpuid_topo->core_id == cpu_topo->core_id) {
+				cpumask_set_cpu(cpuid,
+					&cpu_topo->thread_sibling);
+				if (cpu != cpuid)
+					cpumask_set_cpu(cpu,
+						&cpuid_topo->thread_sibling);
+			}
+		}
+	}
+	smp_wmb();
+
+	printk(KERN_INFO "cpu %u : thread %d cpu %d, socket %d, mpidr %x\n",
+		cpuid, cpu_topology[cpuid].thread_id,
+		cpu_topology[cpuid].core_id,
+		cpu_topology[cpuid].socket_id, mpidr);
+
+}
+
+/*
+ * init_cpu_topology is called at boot when only one cpu is running
+ * which prevent simultaneous write access to cpu_topology array
+ */
+void init_cpu_topology(void)
+{
+	unsigned int cpu;
+
+	/* init core mask */
+	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+		struct cputopo_arm *cpu_topo = &(cpu_topology[cpu]);
+
+		cpu_topo->thread_id = -1;
+		cpu_topo->core_id =  -1;
+		cpu_topo->socket_id = -1;
+		cpumask_clear(&cpu_topo->core_sibling);
+		cpumask_clear(&cpu_topo->thread_sibling);
+	}
+	smp_wmb();
+}
-- 
1.7.4.1
 
CD: 4ms