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Gmane
From: Matthew Garrett <mjg <at> redhat.com>
Subject: [PATCH V2] efi: Retain boot service code until after switching to virtual mode
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Wednesday 25th May 2011 13:53:13 UTC (over 5 years ago)
UEFI stands for "Unified Extensible Firmware Interface", where "Firmware"
is an ancient African word meaning "Why do something right when you can
do it so wrong that children will weep and brave adults will cower before
you", and "UEI" is Celtic for "We missed DOS so we burned it into your
ROMs". The UEFI specification provides for runtime services (ie, another
way for the operating system to be forced to depend on the firmware) and
we rely on these for certain trivial tasks such as setting up the
bootloader. But some hardware fails to work if we attempt to use these
runtime services from physical mode, and so we have to switch into virtual
mode. So far so dreadful.

The specification makes it clear that the operating system is free to do
whatever it wants with boot services code after ExitBootServices() has been
called. SetVirtualAddressMap() can't be called until ExitBootServices() has
been. So, obviously, a whole bunch of EFI implementations call into boot
services code when we do that. Since we've been charmingly naive and
trusted that the specification may be somehow relevant to the real world,
we've already stuffed a picture of a penguin or something in that address
space. And just to make things more entertaining, we've also marked it
non-executable.

This patch allocates the boot services regions during EFI init and makes
sure that they're executable. Then, after SetVirtualAddressMap(), it
discards them and everyone lives happily ever after. Except for the ones
who have to work on EFI, who live sad lives haunted by the knowledge that
someone's eventually going to write yet another firmware specification.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett 
---

Updated with Yinghai's review comments

 arch/x86/kernel/setup.c        |    7 ++++++
 arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c    |   45
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c |    5 ++-
 include/linux/efi.h            |    1 +
 4 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
index 4be9b39..c6724e4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -912,6 +912,13 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
 	memblock.current_limit = get_max_mapped();
 	memblock_x86_fill();
 
+	/*
+	 * The EFI specification says that boot service code won't be called
+	 * after ExitBootServices(). This is, in fact, a lie.
+	 */
+	if (efi_enabled)
+		efi_reserve_boot_services();
+
 	/* preallocate 4k for mptable mpc */
 	early_reserve_e820_mpc_new();
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
index b30aa26..0d3a4fa 100644
--- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
@@ -304,6 +304,40 @@ static void __init print_efi_memmap(void)
 }
 #endif  /*  EFI_DEBUG  */
 
+void __init efi_reserve_boot_services(void)
+{
+	void *p;
+
+	for (p = memmap.map; p < memmap.map_end; p += memmap.desc_size) {
+		efi_memory_desc_t *md = p;
+		unsigned long long start = md->phys_addr;
+		unsigned long long size = md->num_pages << EFI_PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		if (md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE &&
+		    md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_DATA)
+			continue;
+
+		memblock_x86_reserve_range(start, start + size, "EFI Boot");
+	}
+}
+
+static void __init efi_free_boot_services(void)
+{
+	void *p;
+
+	for (p = memmap.map; p < memmap.map_end; p += memmap.desc_size) {
+		efi_memory_desc_t *md = p;
+		unsigned long long start = md->phys_addr;
+		unsigned long long size = md->num_pages << EFI_PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		if (md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE &&
+		    md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_DATA)
+			continue;
+
+		free_bootmem_late(start, size);
+	}
+}
+
 void __init efi_init(void)
 {
 	efi_config_table_t *config_tables;
@@ -536,7 +570,9 @@ void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
 
 	for (p = memmap.map; p < memmap.map_end; p += memmap.desc_size) {
 		md = p;
-		if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME))
+		if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME) &&
+		    md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE &&
+		    md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_DATA)
 			continue;
 
 		size = md->num_pages << EFI_PAGE_SHIFT;
@@ -593,6 +629,13 @@ void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
 	}
 
 	/*
+	 * Thankfully, it does seem that no runtime services other than
+	 * SetVirtualAddressMap() will touch boot services code, so we can
+	 * get rid of it all at this point
+	 */
+	efi_free_boot_services();
+
+	/*
 	 * Now that EFI is in virtual mode, update the function
 	 * pointers in the runtime service table to the new virtual addresses.
 	 *
diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
index 2649426..ac3aa54 100644
--- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
@@ -49,10 +49,11 @@ static void __init early_code_mapping_set_exec(int
executable)
 	if (!(__supported_pte_mask & _PAGE_NX))
 		return;
 
-	/* Make EFI runtime service code area executable */
+	/* Make EFI service code area executable */
 	for (p = memmap.map; p < memmap.map_end; p += memmap.desc_size) {
 		md = p;
-		if (md->type == EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_CODE)
+		if (md->type == EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_CODE ||
+		    md->type == EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE)
 			efi_set_executable(md, executable);
 	}
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/efi.h b/include/linux/efi.h
index 33fa120..e376270 100644
--- a/include/linux/efi.h
+++ b/include/linux/efi.h
@@ -299,6 +299,7 @@ extern void efi_initialize_iomem_resources(struct
resource *code_resource,
 		struct resource *data_resource, struct resource *bss_resource);
 extern unsigned long efi_get_time(void);
 extern int efi_set_rtc_mmss(unsigned long nowtime);
+extern void efi_reserve_boot_services(void);
 extern struct efi_memory_map memmap;
 
 /**
-- 
1.7.5.2
 
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