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Gmane
From: Henrik Rydberg <rydberg <at> euromail.se>
Subject: [PATCH] input: Introduce light-weight contact tracking
Newsgroups: gmane.linux.kernel
Date: Sunday 7th November 2010 20:18:28 UTC (over 6 years ago)
Some kernel drivers demand the use of contact tracking for proper
filtering and pointer emulation. With one exception, these drivers
are limited to a maximum of four concurrent contacts. This patch adds
a simple matcher for up to four contacts, with these notable properties:

* Fixed-time computation scheme
* Approximately 1.4 times faster than mtdev at 4 fingers [1]
* Approximately 4.0 times faster than mtdev at 2 fingers [1]

The matcher uses a fixed-size, auto-generated table [2], and is
guaranteed to complete within a couple of hundred cycles. This makes
is suitable as an opt-in also for drivers running in interrupt
context.

Signed-off-by: Henrik Rydberg 

[1] running the mtdev-matching benchmark on a regular 64-bit machine
[2] http://bitmath.org/code/mtdev/
---
Hi Dmitry,

It has been a long time coming, and here is my proposition for
in-kernel multitouch contact tracking. The idea is to use this small,
limited matcher together with the upcoming synaptics and ntrig changes
to make those drivers fully operational. The matcher also bridges a
major gap in the transition to the MT slots protocol; with up to four
contacts tracked in-kernel, we can treat all hid drivers and
two-finger devices the same way. Only bcm5974 then remains, and there
is some hope that it can be made to work with slots as well.

The matcher is about a hundred lines of code and a kilobyte of static
data. I put it in a separate file, in case it would be better
configured as a module.

I imagine you would prefer to get this kind of patch together with
some actual change, but I wanted to check what you think of it
first. One additional patch with pointer emulation support is planned,
but that one seems better bundled with the MT support in input.c.

The synaptics patches are currently cooking at Bagwell's, and we
already discussed the API a bit. Something ntrig-ish is cooking at
Rubin's, and there is also the ntrig driver in Ubuntu 10.10 to
consider. All-in-all, it is my hope that posting this patch will
simplify the synchronization of our efforts.

Cheers,
Henrik

 drivers/input/Makefile    |    2 +-
 drivers/input/input-trk.c |  194
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/input-trk.h |   30 +++++++
 3 files changed, 225 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/input/input-trk.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/input-trk.h

diff --git a/drivers/input/Makefile b/drivers/input/Makefile
index 7ad212d..eaa663c 100644
--- a/drivers/input/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/input/Makefile
@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@
 # Each configuration option enables a list of files.
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_INPUT)		+= input-core.o
-input-core-objs := input.o input-compat.o ff-core.o
+input-core-objs := input.o input-compat.o ff-core.o input-trk.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_INPUT_FF_MEMLESS)	+= ff-memless.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_INPUT_POLLDEV)	+= input-polldev.o
diff --git a/drivers/input/input-trk.c b/drivers/input/input-trk.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ca08cd2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/input/input-trk.c
@@ -0,0 +1,193 @@
+/*
+ * Input Multitouch Tracking Library
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010 Henrik Rydberg
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include 
+
+/* generated by mtdev-kernel - do not edit */
+static const u8 match_data[] = {
+	0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1,
+	1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 2, 1, 1, 0, 2, 2, 1, 2, 0, 0, 0,
+	1, 2, 3, 1, 1, 0, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 0, 3, 3, 1, 2,
+	3, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 3, 0, 1, 1, 3,
+	1, 0, 2, 2, 3, 1, 2, 0, 0, 4, 0, 1, 2, 2, 4, 2,
+	1, 0, 0, 5, 0, 2, 1, 1, 5, 2, 0, 1, 1, 4, 1, 0,
+	2, 3, 2, 4, 1, 2, 0, 3, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 0, 0, 5,
+	0, 1, 2, 3, 2, 5, 2, 1, 0, 3, 3, 5, 2, 1, 3, 0,
+	0, 6, 0, 2, 1, 3, 1, 6, 2, 0, 1, 3, 3, 6, 2, 3,
+	1, 0, 0, 7, 0, 2, 3, 1, 1, 7, 2, 0, 3, 1, 2, 7,
+	2, 3, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 3,
+	0, 1, 1, 4, 2, 0, 3, 4, 2, 1, 0, 5, 0, 2, 2, 5,
+	1, 2, 2, 4, 6, 2, 1, 0, 1, 5, 6, 2, 0, 1, 2, 3,
+	7, 1, 2, 0, 0, 5, 7, 0, 2, 1, 1, 3, 8, 1, 0, 2,
+	0, 4, 8, 0, 1, 2, 2, 5, 8, 2, 1, 0, 3, 3, 5, 8,
+	2, 1, 3, 0, 1, 6, 8, 2, 0, 1, 3, 3, 6, 8, 2, 3,
+	1, 0, 1, 7, 8, 2, 0, 3, 1, 2, 7, 8, 2, 3, 0, 1,
+	2, 4, 9, 1, 2, 0, 3, 3, 4, 9, 1, 2, 3, 0, 0, 6,
+	9, 0, 2, 1, 3, 3, 6, 9, 3, 2, 1, 0, 0, 7, 9, 0,
+	2, 3, 1, 2, 7, 9, 3, 2, 0, 1, 1, 4, 10, 1, 0, 2,
+	3, 3, 4, 10, 1, 3, 2, 0, 0, 5, 10, 0, 1, 2, 3, 3,
+	5, 10, 3, 1, 2, 0, 0, 7, 10, 0, 3, 2, 1, 1, 7, 10,
+	3, 0, 2, 1, 1, 4, 11, 1, 0, 3, 2, 2, 4, 11, 1, 3,
+	0, 2, 0, 5, 11, 0, 1, 3, 2, 2, 5, 11, 3, 1, 0, 2,
+	0, 6, 11, 0, 3, 1, 2, 1, 6, 11, 3, 0, 1, 2, 0, 0,
+	1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 3, 0, 1, 1, 4,
+	2, 0, 3, 4, 2, 1, 0, 5, 0, 2, 2, 5, 1, 2, 1, 6,
+	3, 0, 3, 6, 3, 1, 5, 6, 3, 2, 0, 7, 0, 3, 2, 7,
+	1, 3, 4, 7, 2, 3, 2, 4, 6, 2, 1, 0, 1, 5, 6, 2,
+	0, 1, 2, 3, 7, 1, 2, 0, 0, 5, 7, 0, 2, 1, 1, 3,
+	8, 1, 0, 2, 0, 4, 8, 0, 1, 2, 2, 4, 9, 3, 1, 0,
+	1, 5, 9, 3, 0, 1, 2, 7, 9, 3, 2, 0, 5, 7, 9, 3,
+	2, 1, 1, 8, 9, 3, 0, 2, 4, 8, 9, 3, 1, 2, 2, 3,
+	10, 1, 3, 0, 0, 5, 10, 0, 3, 1, 2, 6, 10, 2, 3, 0,
+	5, 6, 10, 2, 3, 1, 0, 8, 10, 0, 3, 2, 3, 8, 10, 1,
+	3, 2, 1, 3, 11, 1, 0, 3, 0, 4, 11, 0, 1, 3, 1, 6,
+	11, 2, 0, 3, 4, 6, 11, 2, 1, 3, 0, 7, 11, 0, 2, 3,
+	3, 7, 11, 1, 2, 3, 3, 6, 9, 12, 3, 2, 1, 0, 2, 7,
+	9, 12, 3, 2, 0, 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 3, 1, 2, 0, 1, 7,
+	10, 12, 3, 0, 2, 1, 2, 5, 11, 12, 3, 1, 0, 2, 1, 6,
+	11, 12, 3, 0, 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 13, 2, 3, 1, 0, 2, 7,
+	8, 13, 2, 3, 0, 1, 3, 4, 10, 13, 1, 3, 2, 0, 0, 7,
+	10, 13, 0, 3, 2, 1, 2, 4, 11, 13, 1, 3, 0, 2, 0, 6,
+	11, 13, 0, 3, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 14, 2, 1, 3, 0, 1, 7,
+	8, 14, 2, 0, 3, 1, 3, 4, 9, 14, 1, 2, 3, 0, 0, 7,
+	9, 14, 0, 2, 3, 1, 1, 4, 11, 14, 1, 0, 3, 2, 0, 5,
+	11, 14, 0, 1, 3, 2, 2, 5, 8, 15, 2, 1, 0, 3, 1, 6,
+	8, 15, 2, 0, 1, 3, 2, 4, 9, 15, 1, 2, 0, 3, 0, 6,
+	9, 15, 0, 2, 1, 3, 1, 4, 10, 15, 1, 0, 2, 3, 0, 5,
+	10, 15, 0, 1, 2, 3,
+};
+
+/* generated by mtdev-kernel - do not edit */
+static const int match_index[][5] = {
+	{ 0, 0, 1, 3, 6 },
+	{ 10, 10, 12, 18, 30 },
+	{ 50, 50, 54, 62, 92 },
+	{ 164, 164, 170, 194, 230 },
+	{ 398, 398, 406, 454, 598 },
+	{ 790 }
+};
+
+static void set_dist(u32 *dist,
+		     const struct trk_coord *b1, const struct trk_coord *e1,
+		     const struct trk_coord *b2, const struct trk_coord *e2)
+{
+	const struct trk_coord *p, *q;
+
+	for (p = b1; p != e1; p++)
+		for (q = b2; q != e2; q++)
+			*dist++ = abs(q->x - p->x) + abs(q->y - p->y);
+}
+
+const u8 *match_four(const struct trk_coord *old, int nslot,
+		     const struct trk_coord *pos, int npos)
+{
+	u32 d[16], obj, t;
+	const u8 *p, *b, *e;
+	const int *at;
+
+	set_dist(d, old, old + nslot, pos, pos + npos);
+
+	at = &match_index[nslot][npos];
+	b = &match_data[at[0]];
+	e = &match_data[at[1]];
+
+	obj = UINT_MAX, p = b;
+
+	switch (min(nslot, npos)) {
+	case 1:
+		for (; b != e; b += npos) {
+			t = d[*b++];
+			if (t < obj)
+				obj = t, p = b;
+		}
+		break;
+	case 2:
+		for (; b != e; b += npos) {
+			t = d[*b++], t += d[*b++];
+			if (t < obj)
+				obj = t, p = b;
+		}
+		break;
+	case 3:
+		for (; b != e; b += npos) {
+			t = d[*b++], t += d[*b++], t += d[*b++];
+			if (t < obj)
+				obj = t, p = b;
+		}
+		break;
+	case 4:
+		for (; b != e; b += npos) {
+			t = d[*b++], t += d[*b++], t += d[*b++], t += d[*b++];
+			if (t < obj)
+				obj = t, p = b;
+		}
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return p;
+}
+
+static int get_mt_value(const struct input_mt_slot *slot, unsigned code)
+{
+	return slot->abs[code - ABS_MT_FIRST];
+}
+
+/**
+ * input_trk_assign_slots_by_coord() - perform a best-match assignment
+ * @dev: input device with allocated MT slots
+ * @slots: the slot assignment to be filled
+ * @coords: the coordinate array to match
+ * @num_coords: number of coordinates
+ *
+ * Performs a best match against the current contacts and returns
+ * the slot assignment list. New contacts are assigned to unused
+ * slots.
+ *
+ * Returns zero on success, or negative error in case of failure.
+ */
+int input_trk_assign_slots_by_coord(struct input_dev *dev, int *slots,
+				    const struct trk_coord *coords,
+				    int num_coords)
+{
+	struct trk_coord old[4];
+	int old2slot[4], nold, i;
+	const u8 *p;
+
+	if (!dev->mt)
+		return -ENXIO;
+	if (dev->mtsize < 2 || dev->mtsize > 4)
+		return -ENXIO;
+	if (num_coords > dev->mtsize)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (num_coords < 1)
+		return 0;
+
+	nold = 0;
+	for (i = 0; i < dev->mtsize; i++) {
+		const struct input_mt_slot *mt = &dev->mt[i];
+		if (get_mt_value(mt, ABS_MT_TRACKING_ID) < 0)
+			continue;
+		old[nold].x = get_mt_value(mt, ABS_MT_POSITION_X);
+		old[nold].y = get_mt_value(mt, ABS_MT_POSITION_Y);
+		old2slot[nold++] = i;
+	}
+
+	p = match_four(old, nold, coords, num_coords);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < dev->mtsize; i++)
+		if (get_mt_value(&dev->mt[i], ABS_MT_TRACKING_ID) < 0)
+			old2slot[nold++] = i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < num_coords; i++)
+		slots[i] = old2slot[p[i]];
+
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_trk_assign_slots_by_coord);
diff --git a/include/linux/input-trk.h b/include/linux/input-trk.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e10e312
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/input-trk.h
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+#ifndef _INPUT_TRK_H
+#define _INPUT_TRK_H
+
+/*
+ * Input Multitouch Tracking Library
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010 Henrik Rydberg
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include 
+
+/**
+ * struct trk_coord - contact coordinate
+ * @x: horizontal coordinate
+ * @y: vertical coordinate
+ */
+struct trk_coord {
+	int x;
+	int y;
+};
+
+int input_trk_assign_slots_by_coord(struct input_dev *dev, int *slots,
+				    const struct trk_coord *coords,
+				    int num_coords);
+
+#endif
-- 
1.7.1

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